contents

primary sources and editions thereof
autobiography other published non-fiction notebooks letters

secondary sources
biography bibliography reference

criticism
periodical collections general intertextual
special topics : the three ‘periods’ · stylistics · consciousness ·
the profession of writer · movies and dramatizations · sexualities ·
the tales · other specialities

general comments

This page obviously cannot attempt to be a comprehensive bibliography, either of James’s own works or of subsequent critical writings. Instead, its purpose is to support the other materials on the Ladder, so the coverage is rather lop-sided: in the sections on primary and secondary sources I have aimed to include all the major references whilst in the remaining, ‘critical’, sections only monographs are included (no individual articles) and only the key publications before year 2000. Within each section the order is chronological.


primary sources and editions thereof

autobiography

A small boy and others / by Henry James. – New York : Scribner, 1913. – 419 p. ; 21 cm.

A small boy and others / by Henry James. – London : Macmillan, 1913. – 436 p. ; 23 cm.

James’s first attempt at fully fledged autobiography, as opposed to William Wetmore Story and his friends, the anecdotal writing of the New York edition prefaces and the travel writing scattered throughout his career; dealing as it does with his earliest years, up to about the age of 9 or 10, it concentrates rather more on the others than on the small boy!

Notes of a son and brother / by Henry James. – New York : Scribner, 1914. – 515 p. ; 21 cm.

Notes of a son and brother / by Henry James. – London : Macmillan, 1914. – 479 p. ; 23 cm.

this second volume includes a selection of William James’s letters (bundles of which had sparked off the whole enterprise) although, as we now know, they were subject to careful revision by the younger brother before publication; the period covered is roughly that of William and Henry’s adolescence

The middle years / by Henry James. – London : Collins, 1917. – 117 p. ; 20 cm.

The middle years / by Henry James. – New York : Scribner, 1917. – 119 p. ; 21 cm.

the unrevised seven chapter fragment of James’s projected third volume of reminiscences; largely dealing with his early years as a resident in Europe


Henry James : autobiography / edited with an introduction by Frederick W. Dupee. – New York : Criterion Books ; London : W. H. Allen, 1956. – xiv, 622 p. ; 24 cm.

Autobiography / Henry James, edited with an introduction by Frederick W. Dupee. – Princeton, NJ ; Guildford, UK : Princeton University Press, 1983. – xiv, 622 p. ; 22 cm., pbk

each comprising the above three titles in a single volume


other published non-fiction

The scenic art : notes on acting & the drama, 1872–1901 / Henry James ; edited, with an introduction and notes, by Allan Wade. – New Brunswick, NJ : Rutgers University Press ; London : Hart-Davis, 1949. – xxvi, 388 p. ; 24 cm.

as far as I can tell, this is still the best collection of James’s articles about drama


The painter’s eye : notes and essays on the pictorial arts / by Henry James ; selected and edited with an introduction by John L. Sweeney. – London : Hart-Davis ; Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Press, 1956. – 276 p. ; 24 cm.

similarly, I believe this is still the best collection of James’s writings about painting


Literary criticism / Henry James. – [1], Essays on literature; American writers; English writers. – New York : Literary Classics of the United States ; Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1984. – 1484 p. ; 21 cm. – (The library of America ; 22). – ISBN 0-940450-22-4 (LCUS); 0-521-30100-9 (CUP)

a fairly comprehensive collection of pieces about, mostly, prose writings, compiled and edited by Leon Edel and Mark Wilson; the first section includes The art of fiction (1884) and The new novel (1914); the (mostly) short articles and reviews in the second and third sections are arranged alphabetically by the author discussed


Literary criticism / Henry James. – [2], French writers; Other European writers; The prefaces to the New York edition. – New York : Literary Classics of the United States ; Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1984. – 1408 p. ; 21 cm. – (The library of America ; 23). – ISBN 0-940450-23-2 (LCUS); 0-521-30099-1 (CUP)

another fairly comprehensive collection compiled and edited by Leon Edel and Mark Wilson; the (mostly) short articles and reviews in the first two sections are arranged alphabetically by the author discussed; the prefaces are in ‘volume’ order (as in Blackmur’s The art of the novel) (reminder: these prefaces are available as etexts on this site)


Collected travel writings / Henry James. – [1], Great Britain and America. – New York : Literary Classics of the United States, 1993. – 846 p. ; 21 cm. – (The library of America ; 64). – ISBN 0-940450-76-3

English hours (1905); Great Britain: uncollected travel writings; The American scene (1907); America: early travel writings

a fairly comprehensive collection, compiled and edited by Richard Howard; English hours includes reproductions of Joseph Pennell’s illustrations; the British essays from Within the rim (1919) are included


Collected travel writings / Henry James. – [2], The continent. – New York : Literary Classics of the United States, 1993. – 845 p. ; 21 cm. – (The library of America ; 65). – ISBN 0-940450-77-1

A little tour in France (1900); Italian hours (1909); Other travel writings

a fairly comprehensive collection, compiled and edited by Richard Howard; the two books include reproductions of Joseph Pennell’s illustrations; the French essays from Within the rim (1919) are included


notebooks

The notebooks of Henry James / edited by F. O. Matthiessen and Kenneth B. Murdock. – New York ; London : Oxford University Press, 1947. – xxviii, 425 p., 8 p. of pl. ; 24 cm.

the first book publication of the notebooks’s contents; Matthiessen and Murdock reorder the entries chronologically and provide plenty of notes indicating James’s use of his materials and identifying (where possible with the state of scholarship in the immediate post-war years) individuals not fully named


The complete notebooks of Henry James / edited with introductions and notes by Leon Edel and Lyall H. Powers. – New York ; Oxford : Oxford University Press, 1987. – xxix, 633 p., 8 p. of pl. ; 24 cm. ISBN 0-19-503782-0

this edition revised and updated Matthiessen and Murdock’s work, ordering the content by notebook and adding James’s pocket diaries and other ‘sundry’ material; the editors’ notes provide commensurably fuller background than the earlier edition too, given the intervening forty years’ research


letters

this section lists only major published collections; for fuller information about James’s letters and sources thereof see the Calendar of the letters of Henry James website at the University of Nebraska Press


The letters of Henry James / selected and edited by Percy Lubbock. – London : Macmillan, 1920. – 2 v. (xxxi, 441; xi, 529 p.) : frontis., 1 fold-out plate ; 23 cm.

The letters of Henry James / selected and edited by Percy Lubbock. – New York : Scribner, 1920. – 2 v. (xxxi, 434; xi, 511 p.) : frontis., 1 plate? ; 23 cm.

a representative selection of letters, mostly from James’s middle and later years; some letters are excerpted and there are occasional misreadings and punctuation errors in the transcriptions


The selected letters of Henry James / edited with an introduction by Leon Edel. – New York : Farrar, Straus and Cudhay, 1955. – xxxiv, 235 p. ; 22 cm.

Selected letters of Henry James / edited with an introduction by Leon Edel. – London : Hart-Davis, 1956. – 268 p. ; 21 cm.

containing 111 letters, about half published for the first time; the British edition has fuller annotations and some corrections to the text


Letters / Henry James ; edited by Leon Edel. – Cambridge, Mass. : Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1974–1984. – 4 v. (xxxvi, 493; xv, 438; xxii, 579; xxxiv, 835 p.) : ill. ; 22 cm.

Letters / Henry James ; edited by Leon Edel. – London : Macmillan, 1974–1980. – 3 v. (xxxvi, 493; xv, 438; xxii, 579 p.) : ill. ; 22 cm.

contents :
Vol. 1 : 1843–1875   (1974) – ISBN 0-674-38780-5 (Harvard), ISBN 0-333-17234-5 (Macmillan);
Vol. 2 : 1875–1883   (1975) – ISBN 0-674-38781-3 (Harvard), ISBN 0-333-18045-3 (Macmillan, 1978);
Vol. 3 : 1883–1895   (1980) – ISBN 0-674-38782-1 (Harvard), ISBN 0-333-18046-1 (Macmillan, 1981);
Vol. 4 : 1895–1916   (1984) – ISBN 0-674-38783-X (Harvard), (not published by Macmillan)

the largest collection of letters so far published, but eventually to be overtaken by the comprehensive, and better edited, Complete letters [see entries below]; Edel is occasionally prone to misreadings and (silent?) suppressions

(this work is sometimes catalogued with the ungrammatical title Henry James letters because the typography of the title pages [both editions] has all three words in the same font on two, adjacent, lines; however, the one dust jacket I have seen (Macmillan) has the word ‘Letters’ and the volume details in a different font, coloured red rather than black, and separated from ‘Henry James’ by a photograph of James, so I have catalogued it accordingly!)


Henry James : selected letters / edited by Leon Edel. – Cambridge, Mass. ; London : Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1987. – xxix, 446 p., [14] p. of plates ; 25 cm. ISBN 0-674-38793-7

mostly a selection of 166 letters from his four-volume set, Edel here includes “two dozen never printed before”, including some to Morton Fullerton, journalist and lover of Edith Wharton


Henry James and Edith Wharton : letters, 1900–1915 / edited by Lyall H. Powers. – London : Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1990. – xv, 412 p., 8 p. of pl. : ill. ; 25 cm. ISBN 0-297-81060-X

all the surviving correspondence between the two writers is published here; because of James’s destruction of the papers he held, the bulk of the surviving letters are those from James, which Wharton retained


The correspondence of William James / edited by Ignas K. Skrupskelis and Elizabeth M. Berkeley ; with the assistance of Bernice Grohskopf and Wilma Bradbeer. – Charlottesville, VA ; London : University Press of Virginia, 1992–2004. – 12 v. : ill. ; 25 cm.

contents :
Vol. 1 : William and Henry, 1861–1884   (1992) – ISBN 0-8139-1338-1;
Vol. 2 : William and Henry, 1885–1896   (1993) – ISBN 0-8139-1414-0;
Vol. 3 : William and Henry, 1897–1910   (1994) – ISBN 0-8139-1510-4;
Vol. 4 : 1856–1877   (1995) – ISBN 0-8139-1616-X;
[etc.]

the complete surviving record of letters between the brothers is contained in the first three volumes of this critical edition of all of William’s remaining letters; they are presented in chronological order rather than grouped as ‘by William’ or ‘by Henry’ so that, where the material is available, sequences of ideas can be followed back and forth


The correspondence of Henry James and the House of Macmillan, 1877–1914 : ‘All the links in the chain’ / edited by Rayburn S. Moore. – Basingstoke : Macmillan, 1993. – xxvi, 256 p. ; 23 cm. ISBN 0-333-52490-X

the complete surviving correspondence, printing letters from both sides in chronological sequence; this includes both business and personal material, since James became a friend of Frederick Macmillan and his wife


Letters from the Palazzo Barbaro / Henry James ; edited by Rosella Mamoli Zorzi. – London : Pushkin Press, 1998. – 222 p. : ill. ; 17 cm. ISBN 1-901285-07-3

contains 28 letters by James from or about Venice and the Palazzo, mostly from the Edel 4-volume edition or the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum collection; also includes 11 letters written by members of the Curtis family, who owned the Palazzo; the introduction (pages 19–47) covers the history of the Palazzo, the Curtises’ involvement with it and its place in James’s life and work


Dear munificent friends : Henry James’s letters to four women / edited by Susan E. Gunter. – Ann Arbor, MI : University of Michigan Press, 1999. – xxiv, 288 p. : ill. ; 24 cm. ISBN 0-472-11010-1

prints 150 previously unpublished letters of James to Alice Howe Gibbens James (wife of William James), Mary Cadwalader Jones, Margaret Frances Butcher Prothero and Lady Louisa Erskine Wolseley


Henry James : a life in letters / edited by Philip Horne. – London : Allen Lane ; New York : Penguin Putnam, 1999. – xxxv, 667 p. : 25 cm. ISBN 0-7139-9126-7

Henry James : a life in letters / edited by Philip Horne. – London : Penguin, 2000. – xxxv, 667 p. : 20 cm. (Penguin classics). – ISBN 0-14-043516-6

a scintillating mix of original letters (more than half of which were not previously published), accompanying footnotes and connecting narrative, this provides perhaps the best single-volume introduction to James’s life and world


Dearly beloved friends : Henry James’s letters to younger men / Susan E. Gunter, Steven H. Jobe, editors. – Ann Arbor, MI : University of Michigan Press, 2001. – xxiii, 249, 8 p. of pl. ; 24 cm. ISBN 0-472-11009-8

166 letters to Hendrik Andersen, Dudley Jocelyn Persse, Howard Overing Sturgis and Hugh Walpole, of the 391 to these correspondents surviving, are printed here


Beloved boy : letters to Hendrik C. Andersen, 1899–1915 / Henry James ; edited by Rosella Mamoli Zorzi ; introduction to the English-language edition by Millicent Bell ; afterword by Elena di Majo. – Charlottesville ; London : University of Virginia Press, 2004. lviii, 160 p. : ill., ports. ; 23 cm. Translated from the Italian. – ISBN 0-8139-2270-4

comprising all 78 known surviving letters of those James wrote to the young Norwegian-American sculptor, from the time he first met him in Rome until his death; the afterword describes Andersen’s plans to publish the letters in the 1930s and includes transcriptions of the texts of three letters from Andersen to James which were copied into her diary by Olivia Cushing, widow of Hendrik’s elder brother Andreas


The complete letters of Henry James, 1855–1872 / Henry James ; edited by Pierre A. Walker and Greg W. Zacharias ; with an introduction by Alfred Habegger. – Lincoln, NB ; London : University of Nebraska Press, 2006. – 2 v. (lxxv, 391 p., [18] p. of pl.; xxix, 524 p., [8] p. of pl.) : ill., ports. ; 26 cm. – (The complete letters of Henry James). – ISBN-13: 978-0-8032-2584-8 (v. 1). – ISBN-10: 0-8032-2584-9 (v. 1). – ISBN-13: 978-0-8032-2607-4 (v. 2). – ISBN-10: 0-8032-2607-1 (v. 2)

these first two volumes of what will be a massive addition to the library (and massively expensive!) together contain 161 letters, of which 52 are published for the first time; all are edited to a previously-unachieved level, showing as much of the author’s marking of the paper as possible in print (following the standards of the US Committee on Scholarly Editions), together with useful annotations

quite why the editorial board have chosen a titling scheme for the series which doesn’t appear to allow a single volume numbering throughout the whole set is anyone’s guess (perhaps, although starting with the earliest periods, publication will not be chronological?), but it is bound to make citations of individual letters long-winded, and confusing to the uninitiated


The complete letters of Henry James, 1872–1876 / Henry James ; edited by Pierre A. Walker and Greg W. Zacharias ; with an introduction by Millicent Bell. – Lincoln, NB ; London : University of Nebraska Press, 2008–2011. – 3 v. (lxxi, 410; xxxv, 303; xxix, 284 p.) : ill., ports. ; 26 cm. – (The complete letters of Henry James). – ISBN-13: 978-0-8032-2225-0 (v. 1). – ISBN-13: 978-0-8032-2297-7 (v. 2). – ISBN-13: 978-0-8032-3457-4 (v. 3)

containing a further 234 letters; as far as I can tell, volume one actually appeared in March 2009, volume two in July 2009 and volume three early in 2011


Letters to Isabella Stewart Gardner / Henry James ; edited by Rosella Mamoli Zorzi. – London : Pushkin Press, 2009. – 334 p. : ill. ; 17 cm. ISBN 978-1-901285-83-3

contains 100 letters by James from manuscripts in the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum collection; they range in date from 1879 to 1914 and only 17 have been published previously; as well as Zorzi’s introduction and her notes to each letter there is a short essay on ‘Henry James, Mrs Gardner and art’ by Alan Chong


secondary sources

biography

Henry James / by Leon Edel. – Philadelphia : Lippincott, 1953–1972. – 5 v. (350; 465; 408; 381; 591 p.) ; 22 cm.

Henry James / by Leon Edel. – London : Hart-Davis, 1953–1972. – 5 v. (356; 528; 340; 352; 592 p.) ; 22 cm.

contents : Vol. 1 : The untried years (1843)-1870   (1953) – Vol. 2 : The conquest of London (1870)-1881   (1962) – Vol. 3 : The middle years (1882)-1895   (1962) – Vol. 4 : The treacherous years (1895)-1900   (1969) – Vol. 5 : The master (1901)-1916  (1972)

ISBN 0-246-98599-2 (v. 4, Hart-Davis). –
ISBN 0-397-00733-7 (v. 5, Lippincott). – ISBN 0-246-10532-1 (v. 5, Hart-Davis)

The life of Henry James / by Leon Edel. – Harmondsworth : Penguin, 1977. – 2 v. (867; 837 p.) ; 20 cm.

contents : Vol. 1 : 1843-89 – Vol. 2 : [1890-1916]
ISBN 0-14-055117-4 (v. 1). – ISBN 0-14-055118-2 (v. 2)

Henry James : a life / Leon Edel. – London : Collins, 1987. – [xiv], 740 p., 24 p. of pl. : frontis. ; 24 cm. ISBN 0-00-217870-2

the monumental first biography, completed in stages by Edel between his other editing work; the two volume edition is described as a ‘definitive edition’, with emendations to update the language, revise emphasis and incorporate relevant new material; the 1987 Collins version is a ‘condensed and revised edition’


Henry James at home / H. Montgomery Hyde. – London : Methuen, 1969. – xiv, 322 p., 15 p. of pl. : ill. ; 23 cm. ISBN 0-416-19260-2

an anecdotal biography of the adult James, centered around his English residences in Mayfair, Kensington, Rye and Chelsea. Hyde was related to the James family through his mother’s family and had access to family papers and his own collection of James’s letters


A ring of conspirators : Henry James and his literary circle, 1895–1915 / Miranda Seymour. – London : Hodder & Stoughton, 1988. – 327 p., 8 p. of pl. : ill. ; 25 cm. ISBN 0-340-33239-5

a study of writers close to James in the last two decades of his life, centring, on one hand, around East Sussex and Kent, near his house in Rye, and on the other, in Edith Wharton


The Jameses : a family narrative / R. W. B. Lewis. – New York : Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 1991. – 695 p., 32 p. of pl. : frontis. ; 25 cm. ISBN 0-374-17861-5

The Jameses : a family narrative / R. W. B. Lewis. – London : André Deutsch, 1991. – 695 p., 32 p. of pl. : frontis. ; 25 cm. ISBN 0-233-98748-7

the story of the family descended from William James of Albany


Henry James : the imagination of genius, a biography / Fred Kaplan. – New York : Morrow, 1992. – xiii, 620 p., [32] p. of pl. ; 25 cm. ISBN 0-688-09021-4

Henry James : the imagination of genius, a biography / Fred Kaplan. – London : Hodder & Stoughton, 1992. – xiii, 620 p., [32] p. of pl. ; 25 cm. ISBN 0-340-55553-X

the first attempt to ‘follow that’ where a biography of Henry alone is concerned; Kaplan is also a biographer of Carlyle and Dickens


Henry James : the young master / Sheldon M. Novick. – New York : Random House, 1996. – xx, 550 p., [16] p. of pl. : ports. ; 24 cm. ISBN 0-394-58655-7

I haven’t read this myself, but, according to some reviews I have, it uses quotations from James’s fiction, with names changed, as scenes from the author’s own life; also, it is notorious for its claim that James and Oliver Wendell Holmes had an early sexual relationship (or encounter, at least)


A private life of Henry James : two woman and his art / Lyndall Gordon. – London : Chatto & Windus, 1998. – xi, 500 p., 16 p. of pl. ; 25 cm. ISBN 0-7011-6166-3

tells James’s biography through the ‘lens’ of his relationships with two women: his cousin Minny Temple, who died in 1870 age 24/5?, and the novelist Constance Fenimore Woolson (1840–1894), who drowned herself into the Grand Canal, Venice


Henry James : a life in letters / edited by Philip Horne (1999)

see above in the ‘letters’ section


Henry James : the mature master / Sheldon M. Novick. – New York : Random House, 2007. – xix, 616 p., [16] p. of pl. : ill., photos ; 25 cm. ISBN-13 978-0-679-45023-8. – ISBN 0-679-45023-8

I haven’t read this myself, nor followed the reviews, but it is the completion of Novick’s biography begun in his ‘young master’ volume over ten years earlier


bibliography

Henry James : a bibliography of secondary works / Beatrice Ricks. – Metuchen, NJ : Scarecrow Press, 1975. – xxii, 461 p. ; 22 cm. (The Scarecrow author bibliographies ; no. 24). – ISBN 0810808536

now superseded by the three volumes from G. K. Hall but useful if your library has nothing else covering the period up to the mid-1970s


A bibliography of Henry James / Leon Edel and Dan H. Laurence. – 3rd ed., revised with the assistance of James Rambeau. – Oxford : Clarendon Press, 1982. – 428 p., 7 p. of pl. : ill. ; 23 cm. (The Soho bibliographies ; 8). – ISBN 0-19-818186-8

the most recent edition of the standard bibliography, listing all Henry James’s own publications, including those in periodicals and collections, together with posthumous issues of others of his writings such as letters; the earlier editions were published in 1957 and 1961


Henry James, 1866–1916 : a reference guide / Linda J. Taylor. – Boston : G. K. Hall, 1982. – xxvi, 533 p. ; 24 cm. (A reference guide to literature). – ISBN 0-8161-7874-7

Henry James, 1917–1959 : a reference guide / Kristin Pruitt McColgan. – Boston : G. K. Hall, 1979. – xix, 389 p. ; 24 cm. (A reference publication in literature). – ISBN 0-8161-7851-8

Henry James, 1960–1974 : a reference guide / Dorothy McInnis Scura. – Boston : G. K. Hall, 1979. – xx, 490 p. ; 24 cm. (A reference publication in literature). – ISBN 0-8161-7850-X

Henry James, 1975–1987 : a reference guide / Judith E. Funston. – Boston : G. K. Hall, 1991. – xx, 571 p. ; 24 cm. (A reference guide to literature). – ISBN 0-8161-8953-6

a thorough index of work about Henry James published in the years shown; entries are arranged year by year, subdivided into A: books, B: shorter works and C: dissertations, then ordered by author; each volume has an index of authors, titles and James’s works at the end; the majority of the entries are provided with an abstract or a summary and those for collections have contents’ lists


The library of Henry James / compiled and edited with essays by Leon Edel and Adeline R. Tintner. – Ann Arbor, MI ; London : UMI Research Press, 1987. – [ix], 106 p. : ill. ; 24 cm. (Studies in modern literature ; no. 90). – ISBN 0-8357-1856-5

in addition to a list of Henry James’s personal library, in so far as it can be reconstructed from current library holdings, booksellers’ catalogues after his estate was dispersed and his own references, this volume contains an introductory essay to the list, by Edel, and an essay by Tintner on books in James’s fiction


reference

A Henry James encyclopedia / Robert L. Gale. – Westport, CT ; London : Greenwood, 1989. – xxi, 791 p. ; 25 cm. ISBN 0-313-25846-5

an alphabetical guide to James’s writings, publications and characters, and to his friends, relations and literary associates


A Henry James chronology / by Edgar F. Harden. – Basingstoke ; New York : Palgrave Macmillan, 2005. – xi, 235 p. ; 23 cm. (Author chronologies). – ISBN 1-4039-4229-3

a disappointing cut-and-paste job from twenty year old publications; you can read my full review, which was posted on the Henry James mailing list (jamesf-l) on 2004-12-16


criticism – periodical

The Henry James review. – Vol. 1 (November 1979) -    . – Louisville, KY : Henry James Society, 1979-  . – published three times a year. – ISSN 0273–0340

the only scholarly journal devoted to the author; further details are available from the distributor: the Journals Publishing Division of the Johns Hopkins University Press


criticism – collections

Henry James : the critical heritage / edited by Roger Gard. – London : Routledge & Kegan Paul ; New York : Barnes & Noble, 1968. – xxi, 566 p. ; 23 cm. (The critical heritage series). – ISBN 0-7100-6088-8

a chronologically arranged selection of contemporary notices of James’s publications of his fiction, concentrating on the novels but including a few relating to tales


Henry James : critical assessments / edited by Graham Clarke. – Mountfield : Helm Information, 1991. – 4 v. (xxi, 425; xii, 497; vi, 408; viii, 671 p.) : frontis. ; 24 cm. – (The Helm Information critical assessments of writers in English). – ISBN 1-873403-01-1 (set)

contents : Vol. 1 : Memories, views and writers – Vol. 2 : The critical response – Vol. 3 : A twentieth-century overview – Vol. 4 : Reading the writing

a large collection of (reset) reprints of critical material of all types; as suggested by the volume titles the arrangement is: vol. 1 has three early studies, personal memories of James and pieces on him by other writers; vol. 2 parallels Gard in providing a selection of contemporary reviews etc.; vol. 3 has a selection of general essays; and vol. 4 has work-specific criticism of major novels and tales, ordered alphabetically by the work


A companion to Henry James studies / edited by Daniel Mark Fogel. – Westport, CT ; London : Greenwood Press, 1993. – xxii, 545 p. ; 25 cm. ISBN 0-313-25792-2

a collection of twenty commissioned essays, together providing a reference guide to all the major fields of James studies in the 1990s; appendix 2 Landmarks of Henry James criticism provides a useful summary of major critical publications from 1905 to 1991


The Cambridge companion to Henry James / edited by Jonathan Freedman. – Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1998. – xix, 256 p. ; 24 cm. (Cambridge companions to literature). – ISBN 0-521-49584-9

while attempting a less thorough survey than the earlier Greenwood Companion this collection of 12 essays, including contributions from Millicent Bell, Philip Horne and Ross Posnock ‘seeks to measure James’s multiple achievements and his role in critical practice’ (p. xxi)


Palgrave advances in Henry James studies / edited by Peter Rawlings. – Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan, 2007. – xiii, 309 p. ; 23 cm. (Palgrave advances). – Cover title : Henry James studies. – ISBN-13: 978-1-4039-3461-1 (hbk). – ISBN-10: 1-4039-3461-4 (hbk). – ISBN-13: 978-1-4039-3462-8 (pbk). – ISBN-10: 1-4039-3462-2 (pbk)

a selection of newly commissioned essays which aims to guide both academic and non-specialist readers through contemporary critical approaches to James, such as narrative, psychoanalytic, feminist, queer theory, visual culture and so on


Tracing Henry James / edited by Melanie H. Ross and Greg W. Zacharias. – Newcastle : Cambridge Scholars, 2008. – 477 p. : ill. ; 21 cm. ISBN 978-1-84718-915-8

a collection of 28 papers from the 3rd International Conference of the Henry James Society, held in 2005 under the title ‘Tracing Henry James’, covering most aspects of James studies


Henry James in context / edited by David McWhirter. – Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2010. – xxxiv, 492 p. : ill. ; 24 cm. ISBN 978-0-521-51461-3

41 quite short original papers by noted James scholars ‘focused broadly on apprehending Henry James in the context of the history, sociology and aesthetic and material culture of an emerging and consolidating modernity’ (p. xix); there are eight pieces on James’s life and career, five on reader and critical reception of the work and 28 on these individual topics: aestheticism and decadence; authorship; children; consumer culture; cosmopolitanism; courtship, marriage and family; ethics; language; law; manners; media and communication technologies; modernism; money and class; museums and exhibitions; nationalism and imperialism; print culture; psychology; race; realism and naturalism; sexualities and sexology; social sciences; things; time; travel and tourism; urbanity; visual culture; women and men; work


criticism – general

Henry James and the Jacobites / Maxwell Geismar. – Boston : Houghton Mifflin, 1963. – 463 p. ; 22 cm.

Henry James and his cult / Maxwell Geismar. – London : Chatto & Windus, 1964. – 463 p. ; 22 cm.

a polemic against the classification of James as a ‘major’ writer and the reverence in which the academy held him; now showing its age and Marxist lineage, it can perhaps still provide useful points of argument and departure


The expense of vision : essays on the craft of Henry James / by Laurence B. Holland. – Princeton : Princeton University Press, 1964. – xiv, 440 p. ; 23 cm.

on its reprint in 1982 this study was still hailed as ‘the single most illuminating and challenging account of Henry James’s fictions’ (Richard Broadhead); the extensive discussions of The portrait of a lady and the three late period novels are still essential reading, and the shorter sections on The spoils of Poynton, The Aspern papers and The scared fount are no less useful


The theoretical dimensions of Henry James / John Carlos Rowe. – Madison WI : University of Wisconsin Press, 1984. – xv, 288 p.; 22 cm. ISBN 0-299-09970-9

The theoretical dimensions of Henry James / John Carlos Rowe. – London : Methuen, 1985. – xv, 288 p. ; 23 cm. ISBN 0-416-39560-0

examines James from the literary theoretical perspectives of psychology, feminism, Marxism, phenomenology, impressionism and reader-response criticism, to arrive at a point of intersection


Meaning in Henry James / Millicent Bell. – Cambridge, Mass. ; London : Harvard University Press, 1991. – xii, 384 p. ; 25 cm. ISBN 0-674-55762-X

a study of the major novels and tales, examining how meanings, fleeting or lasting, emerge for the reader


The other Henry James / John Carlos Rowe. – Durham, NC ; London : Duke University Press, 1998. – xv, 238 p. ; 24 cm. (New Americanists). – ISBN 0-8223-2128-9

an important study, drawing on 1990’s developments in queer and feminist theory, which argues that ‘the most fruitful approach to James today is one that ignores the elitist portrait of the formalist master in favor of the writer as a vulnerable critic of his own confused and repressive historical moment’


Henry James : a certain illusion / Denis Flannery. – Aldershot ; Burlington VT, : Ashgate, 2000. – x, 245 p. ; 23 cm. ISBN 0-7546-0248-6

offers readings of the fictional and critical works based on analyses of the way James creates that ‘illusion’ of our having lived another life which he considered a measure of the success of a work of art


Henry James and the imagination of pleasure / Tessa Hadley. – Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2002. – viii, 205 p. ; 24 cm. ISBN 0-521-81169-4

chapters on the major novels chart James’s move away from the moralizing tradition of the Anglo-Saxon novel, showing the influence of the European tradition particularly in the areas of power relationships in pleasure and play which are seen as key to the late nineteenth century leisure classes


Literature as conduct : speech acts in Henry James / J. Hillis Miller. – New York : Fordham University Press , 2005. – xiii, 350 p. ; 24 cm. ISBN 0-8232-2537-2 (cloth). – ISBN 0-8232-2538-0 (pbk)

uses the speech act theory developed by J. L. Austin, Paul de Man and Jacques Derrida to investigate the three modes of speech act in James's novels; Miller has major chapters on The portrait of a lady, The awkward age, The wings of the dove and The golden bowl


criticism – intertextual

The museum world of Henry James / by Adeline R. Tintner. – Ann Arbor, MI; London : U.M.I. Research Press, 1986. – xxviii, 390 p. : ill. ; 24 cm. (Studies in modern literature ; no. 56). – ISBN 0-8357-1725-9

covering influences from works of art in all media, from classical sculpture to American painters, from gardens to photography


The book world of Henry James : appropriating the classics / by Adeline R. Tintner. – Ann Arbor, MI; London : U.M.I. Research Press, 1987. – xxiv, 412 p. : ill. ; 24 cm. (Studies in modern literature ; no. 82). – ISBN 0-8357-1829-8

treating sources in classic literature, from the Shakespeare and Milton to the major nineteenth-century figures


The pop world of Henry James : from fairy tales to science fiction / by Adeline R. Tintner. – Ann Arbor, MI; London : U.M.I. Research Press, 1989. – [xxv], 317 p. : ill. ; 24 cm. (Studies in modern literature ; no. 89). – ISBN 0-8357-1855-7

the surprising borrowings and influence of all aspects of popular culture on the supposedly ‘stuffy’ Henry James


The cosmopolitan world of Henry James : an intertextual study / by Adeline R. Tintner. – Baton Rouge, LA ; London : Louisiana State University Press, 1991. – xxi, 328 p. ; 24 cm. ISBN 0-8071-1663-7 (cloth). – ISBN 0-8071-1692-0 (pbk)

concentrating on the 1890s and French and British decadence


Henry James and the lust of the eyes : thirteen artists in his work / Adeline R. Tintner. – Baton Rouge, LA ; London : Louisiana State University Press, 1993. – xvi, 265 p. : 98 ill. ; 24 cm. ISBN 0-8071-1752-8

breaking the sequence of ‘world’ titles, Tintner focusses each chapter on a single artist (apart from chapter 2 on two French sculptors)


Reading Henry James in French cultural contexts / Pierre A. Walker – DeKalb : Northern Illinois University Press, 1995. – xxiii, 230 p. ; 23 cm. ISBN 0-87580-192-7

an important collection of discussions, in the Tintner tradition, of French influences and references in six of the major fictions


Henry James’s legacy : the afterlife of his figure and fiction / Adeline R. Tintner. – Baton Rouge, LA : Louisiana State University Press, 1998. – xxxii, 468 p. : ill. ; 24 cm. ISBN 0-8071-2157-6

although following James’s influence on twentieth-century art and literature, this often gives additional insight into the James original


The twentieth-century world of Henry James : changes in his work after 1900 / Adeline R. Tintner. – Baton Rouge, LA : Louisiana State University Press, 2000. – xvii, 252 p. : ill. ; 24 cm. ISBN 0-8071-2534-2 (cloth). – ISBN 0-8071-2604-7 (pbk)

detailed investigation of the later phases of James’s work (complete with correctly hyphenated adjectival phrase in the title!)


Henry James goes to Paris / Peter Brooks – Princeton ; Oxford : Princeton University Press, 2007. – 255 p. : 16 p. of pl. ; 25 cm. ISBN 0-691-12954-1

shows how James, during his year living in Paris, 1875–1876, failed to engage with the new æsthetic developments in France at that time, but how they affected his literary art twenty years later in the England of the 1890s


criticism – special topics
the three ‘periods’

Henry James : the major phase / F. O. Matthiessen. – New York : OUP, 1944. – xvi, 190 p. ; 22 cm.

a very influential study of the late novels and The American scene, which served to raise James high in the American academy in the post-war years


The comic sense of Henry James : a study of the early novels / Richard Poirier. – New York : OUP, 1960. – 260 p. ; 23 cm.

The comic sense of Henry James : a study of the early novels / Richard Poirier. – London : Chatto & Windus, 1960. – 260 p. ; 22 cm.

The comic sense of Henry James : a study of the early novels / Richard Poirier. – New York ; Oxford : OUP, 1967. – (Galaxy books). – 260 p. ; 21 cm., pbk

the classic study of the novels up to and including The portrait of a lady; the 1967 reprint has an additional preface


Desire and love in Henry James : a study of the late novels / by David McWhirter. – Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1989. – xv, 218 p. ; 23 cm. ISBN 0-521-35328-9

McWhirter argues that the three late novels, instead of being a cohesive group, actually show a radical refashioning of James’s vision of desire


stylistics

The later style of Henry James / Seymour Chatman. – Oxford : Basil Blackwell, 1972. – 135 p. ; 23 cm. (Language and style ; 2). – ISBN 0-631-08270-0

a slim but densely packed and detailed examination of all aspects of the prose style of James ‘the old pretender’; still essential, and useful too as preparation for more recent stylistic analyses such as that of Mary Cross


The language of a master : theories of style and the late writing of Henry James / David W. Smit. – Carbondale : Southern Illinois University Press, 1988. – xvi, 164 p. ; 23 cm. ISBN 0-8093-1399-5

taking a broad view of stylistics ‘not as a set of formal features in a text, but as the result of a reader-critic’s perception of the text’ (pages 4–5), Smit examines the ways in which aspects of James’s late style interact with the genres in which he wrote, concluding with a discussion of Ian Watt’s famous analysis of the first paragraph of The ambassadors; two appendices contain useful statistical data on small samples of the different genres


Henry James : the contingencies of style / Mary Cross. – Basingstoke : Macmillan, 1993. – ix, 212 p. ; 23 cm. ISBN 0-333-57426-5

a post-structuralist analysis and deconstruction of James’s style; this is not for the faint-hearted but repays careful reading, as does James himself of course; a worthy successor to the influential Chatman in this area


consciousness

The ordeal of consciousness in Henry James / by Dorothea Krook. – Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1962. – xiii, 422 p. ; 23 cm.

studies seven of the novels in detail, with the theme ‘being and seeing’, exploring James’s unique notion of consciousness and his moral, social and philosophical preoccupations

Thinking in Henry James / Sharon Cameron. – Chicago ; London : University of Chicago Press, 1989. – vii, 197 p. ; 23 cm. ISBN 0-226-09230-5

challenges the notion that James wrote ‘psychological’ novels by examining the radical nature of James’s concept of consciousness, concentrating on the late novels and The American scene


the profession of writer

“Friction with the market” : Henry James and the profession of authorship / Michael Anesko. – New York ; Oxford : OUP, 1986. – xii, 258 p.: ill. ; 25 cm. ISBN 0-19-504034-1

an important study of the way James’s desire and need to publish and be successful informed his writing and how the muted response of his audiences may have contributed to the romantic idea of the elite artist


Professions of taste : Henry James, British aestheticism and commodity culture / Jonathan Freedman. – Stanford, CA : Standford University Press, 1990. – xxx, 305 p., 14 p. of pl. ; 24 cm. ISBN 0-8047-1784-2

an important study of James’s reaction to the æsthetic movement in the context of the gradual development of the profession of author and the commodification of literature


Henry James’s New York edition : the construction of authorship / edited by David McWhirter. – Stanford, CA : Stanford University Press, 1995. – xxvi, 333 p., 24 p. of pl. : ill. ; 24 cm. – ISBN 0-8047-2564-0

fourteen essays covering various aspects of the ‘definitive’ edition considered as a whole, including Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick’s study of performativity in the prefaces; usefully, also includes reproductions of Coburn’s photographic frontispieces to the edition, which are otherwise difficult to access


movies and dramatizations

Henry James on stage and screen / edited by John R. Bradley. – Basingstoke ; New York : Palgrave, 2000. – xi, 264 p. ; 23 cm. ISBN 0-333-79214-9

fifteen essays covering the range of dramatizations of James’s fictions but concentrating on the cinema – there is one paper on each of the stage and opera media


Henry James goes to the movies / edited by Susan M. Griffin. – Lexington, KY : The University Press of Kentucky, 2002. – [vii], 386 p. : ill. ; 24 cm. ISBN 0-8131-2191-4

a further fifteen essays on dramatizations of James, supplementing those of Henry James on stage and screen; included is the important ‘A Henry James filmography’ by J. Sarah Koch (pages 335–357)


sexualities

Henry James and the ‘woman business’ / Alfred Habegger. – Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1989. – ix, 288 p. ; 24 cm. (Cambridge studies in American literature and culture). – ISBN 0-521-36635-6

a re-examination of the idea of James as an authoritative writer on woman, showing how he recomposed female plots in line with his father’s doctrine of sexual difference


The disruption of the feminine in Henry James / by Priscilla L. Walton. – Toronto ; Buffalo ; London : University of Toronto Press, 1992. – viii, 179 p. ; 24 cm. ISBN 0-8020-5987-2

a post-structuralist and feminist perspective, focussing on the constructed ‘otherness’ of the Feminine; a touchstone for feminist work on James


Henry James and sexuality / Hugh Stevens. – Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1998. – xiii, 217 p. ; 24 cm. ISBN 0-521-62259-X

although a revision of the author’s doctoral thesis at Cambridge University, this important contribution to the current debate on sexuality in and of James is easy to follow and covers all the major bases


Henry James and homo-erotic desire / edited by John R. Bradley ; introduction by Sheldon M. Novick. – Basingstoke : Macmillan ; New York : St Martin’s Press, 1999. – xiv, 153 p. ; 23 cm. ISBN 0-333-73217-0 (Macmillan). – ISBN 0-312-21764-1 (St Martin’s)

ten essays on various aspects of this topic, including the evolving concept of homosexuality in the late nineteenth century, the British aesthetic movement and the renunciation of desire in the later novels; a number of the contributions (Bradley, Gunter and Jobe, and Person) later fledged as individual monographs


Henry James’s permanent adolescence / John R. Bradley. – Basingstoke ; New York : Palgrave, 2000. – xi, 162 p. ; 23 cm. ISBN 0-333-91874-6

Bradley’s notion of ‘permanent adolescence’ enables him to make sense of disparate elements of James’s work through their narcissistic focus on aspects of his boyhood and early manhood and on their treatment of male desire


Henry James and the ‘aliens’ : in possession of the American scene / Gert Buelens. – Amsterdam ; New York : Rodopi, 2002. – [v], 164 p. ; 23 cm. (Amsterdam monographs in American studies ; 10). – ISBN 90-420-1280-3

focussing on questions of identity and its construction, Buelens maps James’s responses to the ‘other’ whether racial, sexual or cultural


Henry James and the suspense of masculinity / Leland S. Person. – Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania Press, 2003. – 206 p. ; 24 cm. ISBN 0-8122-3725-0

examines James’s subversion of conventional male identity by his pluralizing and ambiguating it


the tales

Technique in the tales of Henry James / Krishna Baldev Vaid. – Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Press, 1964. – x, 285 p. ; 21 cm. LC card no. 64-22723

the first major study of the tales, dividing them into two broad categories – first-person and third-person – and discussing representative tales in each, under the repeated chapter headings ‘three early tales’, ‘anecdotes’ and ‘nouvelles’, together with an additional chapter in each category; definitely still a worthwhile read


‘The structural analysis of literature : the tales of Henry James’ by Tzvetan Todorov
in : Structuralism : an introduction / edited by David Robey. – Oxford : Clarendon Press, 1973. – 153 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. (Wolfson College lectures ; 1972). – ISBN 0-19-874012-3pages 73–104

substantially the same article appears, in a different translation (including four additional paragraphs), as :

‘The secret of narrative’ by Tzvetan Todorov (translated from the French by Richard Howard)
in : The poetics of prose / by Tzvetan Todorov. – Oxford : Blackwell, 1977. – 272 p. ; 22 cm. Translation of: La poétique de la prose, Paris : Éditions du Seuil, 1971. – ISBN 0-631-18230-6pages 143–178

although relatively short, this paper, by noted innovator in structuralist criticism Todorov, usefully attempts actually ‘to mak[e] structural analysis known other than by meditating upon its (im)possibility’ (introduction, page: 73, Clarendon; 143, Blackwell), using structuralist techniques to analyse nine examples and show how James’s tales generally ‘are based on the quest for an absolute and absent cause’ (page: 74, Clarendon; 145, Blackwell); [Todorov doesn’t use the term ‘MacGuffin’ but his thesis ends up having the air of a MacGuffin-hunt!]


Henry James : a study of the short fiction / Richard A. Hocks. – Boston, Mass. : Twayne, 1990. – xvii, 193 p. ; 23 cm. (Twayne’s studies in short fiction). – ISBN 0-8057-8328-8

an unusual compilation comprising Hocks’s own survey of the tales, using a mix of thematic and chronological groupings, followed by two shorter sections containing extracts from James himself and from three other critics’ assessments


Henry James : the shorter fiction; reassessments / edited by N. H. Reeve. – Basingstoke : Macmillan ; New York : St Martin’s, 1997. – x, 213 p. ; 23 cm. ISBN 0-333-64730-0

eleven papers, the majority of which concentrate on single tales; included is the important ‘The master and the “queer affair” of The pupil ’ by Philip Horne


‘The finer thread, the tighter weave’ : essays on the short fiction of Henry James / edited by Joseph Dewey and Brooke Horvath. – West Lafayette, IN : Purdue University Press, 2001. – x, 291 p. : frontis. ; 24 cm. ISBN 1-55753-207-9

a collection assembled in memory of William T. Stafford; the 17 essays are divided into ‘threads’, concentrating on single tales, and ‘weaves’ relating two or more, but all provide provocative readings; a good compendium of the sort of work being done on the shorter fictions at the turn of the century


The uncollected Henry James : newly discovered stories / edited by Floyd R. Horowitz. – New York : Carroll & Graf, 2004. – xv, 319 p. ; 24 cm. ISBN 0-7867-1272-4

contents: The pair of slippers (1852); Woman’s influence; or, Incidents of a courtship (1858); The rainy day (1859); The village belle (1859); The sacrifice (1860); The rose-colored silk (1860); A winter story (1861); Sober second thought (1861); Alone (1861); The death of Colonel Thoureau (1861); The story of a ribbon bow (1862); A summer adventure (1862); My guardian and I (1862); Breach of promise of marriage (1862); A sealed tear (1863); ‘I’; or, Summer in the city (1863); The sprite transformed (1863); The blue handkerchief (1863); A cure for coquettes (1863); My lost darling (1863); One evening’s work (1865); Unto the least of these (1866); In a circus (1868); A hasty marriage (1869)

presents a selection of stories from those which Horowitz claims to have identified, over the course of twenty years’ research, as being by James, on the basis of thematic, textual and computer analyses; a volume detailing his reasons is anticipated, to add to the brief notes in the appendices of this book, and will presumably generate a good deal of critical comment and, hopefully, argument in the future!


other specialities

‘The great good place : Henry James and the country house’
chapter 1 in : Happy rural seat : the English country house and the literary imagination / by Richard Gill. – New Haven, CT ; London : Yale University Press, 1972. – xix, 305 p., 4 p. of pl. ; 23 cm. ISBN 0-300-01524-0pages 21–93

an in-depth examination of this topic, with discussion of A passionate pilgrim, The portrait of a lady, The Princess Casamassima and The spoils of Poynton, together with shorter passages on A London life, The awkward age and The golden bowl and mention of many other tales; later chapters often highlight or contrast James’s handling with later novelists’ use of country houses (including the work of Elizabeth Bowen, E. M. Forster, Evelyn Waugh and Virginia Woolf, among others)


Workable design : action and situation in the fiction of Henry James / John P. O’Neill. – Port Washington, NY ; London : Kennikat Press, 1973. – 152 p. ; 24 cm. (National university publications : Series on literary criticism). – ISBN 0-8046-9031-6

shows how James structures some of his major novels, and in particular how the events he selects for narration and his characters’ psychologies are subordinated to the author’s desire to express particular situations and to create clear-cut, usually binary, oppositions; includes excellent chapters on The portrait of a lady, The spoils of Poynton, The awkward age and The wings of the dove; although among the earliest criticism I have cited here, I believe this can still be studied with profit by those who persist in emphasizing the ‘realist’ and ‘psychological’ elements of James’s fiction, whether looking for explanations of the work or of the author


The trial of curiosity : Henry James, William James, and the challenge of modernity / Ross Posnock. – New York ; Oxford : OUP, 1991. – xiv, 358 p. ; 25 cm. ISBN 0-19-506606-5

taking The American scene as his staring point, Posnock examines James’s role as cultural analyst


Henry James and the art of dress / Clair Hughes. – Basingstoke ; New York : Palgrave, 2001. – x, 216 p., 4 p. of pl. : ill. ; 23 cm. ISBN 0-333-91430-9

an unusual but highly rewarding light on James’s fiction, showing how his awareness of clothes, particularly as social indicators, informs his descriptions of his characters and their interactions